Fraservalley Baseball Academy: Common baseball injuries

Baseball players spend a lot of time on the field, whether for practice or tournament. As their bodies continue to experience stress and tension, they might suffer from possible injuries that would affect their performance in the game.

Here are some of the injuries that most players experience in their baseball career:

Elbow inflammation

This is more commonly known as medial epicondylitis, pitcher’s elbow or golfer’s elbow. It occurs when the tendons receive chronic damage because of repetitive motions. Players with this condition suffer from swelling and pain inside the forearm and elbow.

Elbow inflammation limits the range of motion of the arm and makes it difficult for the player to throw a ball or execute any other aggressive movements. To reduce pain and inflammation, players must rest the affected area and use the appropriate medication. For severe cases, surgical procedures may be performed.

Hand and wrist injuries

Injuries in the hand and wrist are caused by collision with bats, pitched balls or other players. If not immediately taken care of, these may lead to bruises, sprains, dislocation, fractures or other conditions.

Head injuries

There are times when players get hit with a ball or collide with another player during the game. Some players slip and fall, hitting their heads on the ground, resulting in a concussion 

In numerous instances, symptoms of concussion only show several hours or days after the accident. Players would often feel confusion, disorientation, headaches, balance issues and dizziness. 

They may also suffer from memory loss, sleep disturbances, nausea or difficulty concentrating. If a player experiences more than one of these symptoms, it may be an indication of a more serious problem.

Muscle strains

Muscle strains occur when a tendon or muscle experiences too many tensions and overstretching, especially in areas such as the calves, abdominals, back, hamstrings and quadriceps. 

If this happens, players are mostly advised to take a few days off to rest, undergo physical therapy and use anti-inflammatory medications. For severe cases, surgery may be needed.

Ankle sprains

Many runners and fielders experience ankle sprains when the ligaments in their ankles are torn or stretched too far. If a player suffers from mild ankle sprains, they may feel minimal swelling and pain in the affected area. This can be treated with rest and various stretching exercises.

For moderate sprains, there may be a decrease in their ankle’s range of motion, intense swelling and tenderness. They may also experience instability as they attempt to use the injured ankle. This may take up to six weeks or more to heal the damage. 

In severe cases, the injured player may suffer from extreme pain due to the rupture of the ligament. They may not be able to completely hold their weight as they stand or walk. Aside from resting their ankle, they may need to undergo intensive stretching and strengthening exercises to regain their stability. Full recovery may take weeks.